flies and horses

Flies and horses : is it inevitable?

There are around 600 species in France.

Why do flies and horses mix badly? Because they cause a risk of stress, infection, irritation. They annoy, and they give a bad image of places where there are horses.

Flies and horses : is this inevitable? No, of course: knowing them better allows us to live with them better.

How to limit their presence with our horses ?

5 steps to get to know them better :

  • the female lays between 500 and 1000 eggs of 1mm
  • the egg turns into a maggot in less than 1 week
  • the maggot turns into an 8mm pupa in 1 to 3 weeks
  • the nymph turns into a fly in 5 to 10 days
  • the fly lives on average 3 weeks

Understand better by observing 3 things they like :

  • the heat
  • humidity
  • the food

Limit but without destroying because they are useful : the 3 main roles of flies

  • pollinate
  • feed insectivores (fish, birds, frogs, etc.)
  • clean up (they eat garbage)

Flies and horses : how to get out of this fatality ? Here are 6 ways to help our horses

  1. refresh : provide shade and ventilated spaces ... but be careful, the shade of the hedges is not the best option (see below): a well-placed shelter, a shade sail, an awning ...
  2. sanitize, drain: avoid mud, stagnant water (the base of hedges favors a cool but humid microclimate: this is not the favorite place for horses)
  3. clean : remove the dung (put them to compost, and cover the compost with straw, that will help)
  4. keep away : with odors that flies do not like (see the recipe for a natural repellent below)
  5. protect : with masks and blankets (this use of blanket should be reserved for horses with dermatitis, prevention should be sufficient for others)
  6. trap : yes, but be careful not to trap butterflies or bees ...

2 repellents recipes with essential oils

Preliminary recommendations :

  • as always I recommend that you seek advice from the horse's usual veterinarian before any use
  • to test on a very small area before applying more widely
  • not to apply to areas exposed to the sun (we prefer protected areas, under the hair and under the stomach, avoiding the genitals and mucous membranes)
  • to use the mixture within 1 month

the spray :

  • 3/4 liter of water
  • 1/4 liter of white vinegar
  • a few drops of neutral bath base (it serves to promote the water-oil mixture)
  • essential oils (6 drops of each) :
    • Java lemongrass
    • rosat geranium
    • lemon eucalyptus
    • tea tree
    • true lavender
    • clove
    • lemon balm
    • pepper mint
    • basil

the ointment :

  • 10 ml of aloe vera gel
  • essential oils (20 drops of each) :
    • rosat geranium
    • lemon eucalyptus
    • true lavender

Come talk about your ideas, come share your experience on our Facebook group !

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